According to Time shifting property of z-transform, if X(z) is the z-transform of x then what is the z-transform of x(n-k)?

- X(z+k)
- zkX(z)
**z-kX(z)**Correct- X(z-k)

A Answer is a line segment which joins two nodes

- zkX(z)
**z-kX(z)**Correct- X(z-k)
- X(z+k)

A branch has gain but no direction.

**Represent all the signals, variables, and summing points and take-off points as branches**Correct- Represent the transfer functions inside the blocks of diagrams as gains of the signal flow diagram
- Represent the blocks of diagram as branches in signal flow graph

A continuous signal can be represented as the product of an impulse function and the signal itself.

**A delay in the function by 3 units in time**Correct- The function itself
- An advance in the function by 3 units in time
- Cannot be determined

A device is a Answer when input is electrical and output a physical quantity

- True
**False**Correct

A device which converts one form of energy to another

- Sensor
**Transducer**Correct- Resistor

A measure of the "amplification" of an amplifier

**Gain**Correct- Impedance
- Efficiency

a numerical expression representing the performance or efficiency of a procedure.

**Figure of merit**Correct- Figure of error

A signal flow graph is the graphical representation of the relationships between the variables of set linear algebraic equations.

**True**Correct- False

Aliasing arises when a signal is discretely sampled at a rate that is insufficient to capture the changes in the signal.

**True**Correct- False

Answer is used to measure deflection, stress, pressure, etcThe resistance of the sensing element changes with applied strain

**True**Correct- False

At what frequency should a signal composed of a single sinewave at a frequency of 6 Hz be sampled in accordance to the Nyquist Theorem?

**6Hz**Correct- 3Hz
- 12Hz

Auto correlation function and energy spectral densities are Fourier transform pairs.

**True**Correct- False

Biological Phenomena is a common detectable phenomena.

**True**Correct- False

Capacitance Transducers are used to measure acceleration along one or more axis and are relatively insensitive to orthogonal directions

- True
**False**Correct

Class A amplifier is more efficient than Class B amplifier.

- True
**False**Correct

Class AB that has lower efficinecy of less thant 40% but good signal reproduction and linearity.

- True
**False**Correct

Class C amplifier is used for VHF, UHF and SHF Frequencies.

**True**Correct- False

Data conversion accuracy enhances system performance In-depth understanding of data converter performance is important in many applications.

- True
**False**Correct

Data converters must represent blank continuous values in a range using a set of discrete values A blank binary code is used to represent the value

**True**Correct- False

Decimation involves the use of which of the following components?

**Digital anti-aliasing filter**Correct- Sampling rate expander
- Sampling rate compressor

Decimation works by inserting zero-valued samples for each input signal.

- True
**False**Correct

DeconvolutionCorrelation is the reverse process of convolution widely used in signal and image processing

- t=0
- t>0
- Always
**t<0**Correct

Electric Field transmission lines Magnetic Field coaxial lines sensors are used for power steering,security, and current measurements on Electric Field transmission lines Magnetic Field coaxial lines

- True
**False**Correct

Faraday’s Law of Induction states that coil resist a change in magnetic field by generating an opposing voltage/current

**True**Correct- False

FET stands for _____________.

**Bipolar junction transistor**Correct**Unipolar junction transistor**Correct- multi-junction transistor

Flywheel Effect See back Effect to transform a temperature difference to a voltage difference

**True**Correct- False

For a causal L.T.I. system, the impulse response is 0 for _________

- Auto Correlation
**Discrete Correlation**Correct- Cross Correlation

Happens in ADCs when an output code does not occur for any input voltage

- video
- switch
**audio**Correct- motion

Identify the FET terminals stated :blankSource , terminal through which the carriers enter the channel blank Drain , where the carriers leave the channel blankGate , the terminal that modulates the channel conductivity

- Field-emitter Transistor
- Filter-effect Transistor
**Field-effect Transistor**Correct

Identify which is NOT a step for converting a block diagram into an equivalent signal flow graph.

- Represent the transfer functions inside the blocks of diagrams as gains of the signal flow diagram
- Represent the blocks of diagram as branches in signal flow graph
**Represent all the signals, variables, and summing points and take-off points as branches**Correct

In an amplifier, if a capacitor can be accurately controlled, then the gain cannot be accurately controlled.

- True
**False**Correct

Increasing the input code should always decrease the output voltage.

- True
**False**Correct

Increasing the input code should always increase the output voltage.

**True**Correct- False

Is the discrete time LTI system with impulse response h=an (|a| < 1) BIBO stable?

- A two-sided sequence (neither left nor right-sided) has a ROC consisting of a ring in the z-plane, bounded on the interior and exterior by a pole
- The ROC cannot contain any poles
**ROC is a disconnection region**Correct- The Fourier transform of x[n] converges absolutely if and only if the ROCof the z-transform includes the unit circle

It is a mathematical operation used to express the relation between input and output of an LTI system

- True
**False**Correct

It is a measure of the step size error

- sampling jitter
- Monotonicity and missing codes
**Effective number of bits**Correct

It refers to the measure of similarity between two signals

- True
**False**Correct

Large signals uses this kind of amplifier

- True
**False**Correct

Multirate systems can increase or decrease the sampling-rate of a signal.

**True**Correct- False

Power amplifier delivers power to the load and is the product of the voltage and current applied to the load with the output signal power being greater that the input signal power.

**True**Correct- False

Power Density Spectrum is the measure of similarity between two different signals.

**Power Density Spectrum**Correct- Energy Density Spectrum

Radio Frequencies uses Class B amplifier with the configuration of common collector .

- True
**False**Correct

Refers to the preservation of information.

**Interpolation**Correct- Decimation

Signal flow graphs are reliable to find transfer function than block diagram reduction technique.

**True**Correct- False

Small Amplifiers are designed to amplify very small signal voltage levels of only a few Class A AmplifiersSmall Signal AmplifiersLarge Signal Amplifiers from sensors or audio signals

**True**Correct- False

Switched capacitor circuits can be used to build regulators.

**True**Correct- False

Switched capacitor-integrator is more accurate than continuous time integrator.

**True**Correct- False

Tells us the frequency where the SINAD is 3 dBlower than the best case value

- True
**False**Correct

The ADC quantizes the input voltage to a finite number of bits.

**Figure of merit**Correct- Figure of error

The common conversion methods are Physical, RadioactiveChemicalMagnetic , and biological

**Change the overlapping area of the parallel electrodes**Correct**Change distance between the parallel electrodes**Correct- Change the size of the capacitor

The convolution of a discrete signal with itself is _________

**Squaring the signal**Correct- None of the above
- Doubling the signal
- Adding two signals

The convolution of a function with an impulse function delayed to an instant 3 in time results in ____________

**A delay in the function by 3 units in time**Correct- Cannot be determined
- An advance in the function by 3 units in time
- The function itself

The cost is an economic factor to consider in choosing a sensor.

**Transducer**Correct- Resistor
- Sensor

The easiest way to smooth a signal is to increase its resolution.

- True
**False**Correct

The FET is a unipolar junction transistor.

- common base
- common collector
- common emitter
**common gate**Correct

The FET's three terminals are Source,Drain and CollectorBaseGate

**Class A Amplifier**Correct- Class B Amplifier
- Class C Amplifier

the inverse z-transform can be performed by evaluating a Answer integral

- x+y =E2=86=94X(z)Y(z)
- xy =E2=86=94X(z)+Y(z)
- xy =E2=86=94X(z)Y(z)
**x+y =E2=86=94X(z)+Y(z)**Correct

The most inefficient amplifier class of amplifier.

- Class AB Amplifier
- Class B Amplifier
**Class C Amplifier**Correct

The multistage approach allows a significant relaxation of the anti-alias and anti-imaging filters, with a consequent reduction in the filter complexity

**True**Correct- False

The narrowband amplifies a specific range of frequencies, to the exclusion of other frequencies.

**True**Correct- False

The opposition exhibited by its output terminals to an alternating current (AC) of a particular frequency is called Amplifier Efficiency.

- True
**False**Correct

The range of a convuluted signal of two unequal rectangles is the difference of the lower limits and upper limits.

- Shifting property
- Differentiation of Output
- Convolution with impulse
**Integration of Output**Correct

The resulting signal when a continuous time periodic signal x(t) having period T, is convolved with itself is a periodic having period of T/2

- True
**False**Correct

The sampling frequency should be less than the highest frequency contained in the signal.

- True
**False**Correct

The simple way to avoid aliasing of course is to always have enough samples to capture the spatial or temporal variations in a signal.

**True**Correct- False

The subscript ___________ is added to the period of clock signal T to emphasize that it's the clock signal.

- T
**CLK**Correct- Ton

The term SONAR stands for "Solar Navigation and Radar"

- Chemical
**Sound**Correct**Physical**Correct- Biological

The three terminals of a semiconductor are called emmiter,base and gate.

- True
**False**Correct

The two types of convolution are continuous and discrete convolution.

**True**Correct- False

This tells us how many of these bits contains useful information.

**Uniform quantization steps are not constant**Correct- Quantization error uncorrelated with input
- All quantization levels have equal probability

Transistor where the current condition is due to both charge carries of holes and electrons

**True**Correct- False

Ultrasonic sensors are used for position measurements.

**True**Correct- False

Use mason’s gain formula to find the transfer function of the given signal flow graph:

- adcdef/1-(bc+ef)+bcef
- abd/1-(bc+ef)+bcef
- abd/1-(ac)
**abdeg/1-(bc+ef)+bcef**Correct

What are the types of Transistor? (Choose two)

**Unipolar junction transistor**Correct**Bipolar junction transistor**Correct- multi-junction transistor

All courses