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Science, Technology, and Society

Showing 1-75 of 337 answers

A basic commercialization strategies for nanotechnology which is focused on developing technologies and thus new markets.
  • Product Innovation
  • Process Innovation Correct
  • Process Invention
  • Product Invention
A cell consist a large number of functional
  • Nucleus
  • Complex organisms
  • Macromolecules Correct
  • Micromolecules
A recessive trait is expressed only if
  • The person was able to inherit a dominant trait
  • The person gets to inherit both recessive trait Correct
  • The person was able to get both recessive and dominant traits
  • The person was able to have mutations within the segment of its DNA
A stem have four fates/outcomes, which of the following is the first one?
  • Producing two new daughter cell where both are different and highly differentiated from the parent stem cell
  • Dividing into two daughter cell where one is the same as the parent stem cell and the other is differentiated
  • Remain Quiescent without dividing or differentiating Correct
  • Producing two daughter cells increasing the stem cell pool
A type of diabetes where the body's cells do not respond to the presence of insulin.
  • Nanomedicine
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes Correct
  • Diabetes mellitus
A type of diabetes where the pancreas is not capable of producing insulin for the body.
  • Type 1 diabetes Correct
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Nanomedicine
A type of stem cell that is restricted to becoming a more limited population of cells.
  • Unipotent Stem cells
  • Pluripotent stem cells
  • Totipotent Stem Cells
  • Multipotent Stem cells Correct
Academic science refers to which of the following?
  • The way scientific knowledge is transferred from an area of science to territory of technolog Correct
According to article which of the following would be the best definition for stem cell?
  • Self-renewing and can differentiate to other types of cell Correct
  • Can reproduce and cure diseases
  • Capable of copying other cell and reproduce in a faster rate
  • Ability to reorganize itself into a new form of cell
According to Merton's "The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations science, like any other activity involving social collaboration, is what?
  • The best way to survive social related problem
  • Can survive change and maintain itself for era
  • Needs people to handle it
  • Subjected to shifting fortunes Correct
According to the article between the two manners of building materials which is more promising?
  • Top-down approach
  • Top-bottom approach
  • Down-top approach
  • Bottom-up approach Correct
According to the article the US-centric that Maienschein adopted is disappointing because;
  • It fails to appreciate the growing global anxiety that big businesses will control and selfishly exploit the fruits of science. Correct
According to the article, cognitive self-esteem after using google gives people a sense of thinking that google has become part of their cognitive tool set. This means that:
  • They boasted off something which was never really a part of them
  • They feel like they are smarter while they tend to rely on google Correct
  • People has been more confident with themselves
  • They finally get the sense of pride about their knowledge
According to the article, which of the following is one of the best reason why humans rely more on the internet than another human beings when they are in search of answers.
  • Because unlike another humans, the internet contains large volumes of facts
  • Because unlike humans internet are generally easier to access nowadays and can answer faster and more accurate than another person Correct
  • Because people doesn't like interaction with other people anymore
  • Because the internet offers a better set of information than a regular person
According to the module cellular activities are manifestations of which of the following.
  • Intra and intermolecular transports and motions of cellular molecules Correct
  • Existence of pathogenic organism in one's system
  • Having organelles capable for cellular movements
  • Cellular acquisition of nutrients
According to the module intellectual property rights may become an issue as commercialization progresses and nanotechnology matures because?
  • People had always been very intact with their businesses that it would be hard for new businesses with new patents to occur
  • In the age as nanotechnology matures it somehow produce many competitors out in the market making it less possible to start up new patents
  • There is already a very wide range of patent claims, and the possible formation of patent thickets, which could contribute to barriers to entry for companies Correct
  • There are no laws that protects products made from or by nanotechnology which makes it hard to patent future products
According to the module the communism of scientific ethos is incompatible with the definition of technology as private property in what?
  • A capitalistic economy Correct
  • Scientific research
  • Scientist doing the research
  • A democratic point of view
According to the module, the amount of research in 2006 funded by private industries
  • Decreased
  • Increased Correct
  • Is the same as it was in 1965
  • Nothing happened
According to the reading material that if deviation is still present the author should:
  • Repeat the whole study until it has zero errors
  • They should change the data and manipulate it to correct the errors
  • They should change the topic of their research
  • Confess it in their articles by declaring the known limitations of their work Correct
According to the survey conducted by the Union of the Concerned Scientists in 2005 half the scientists at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service agreed that
  • Corporate funding is crucial for the research community
  • Privately funded researches are easily accessed by other researchers
  • Private corporations did affect the withdrawal or reversal of scientific research conclusions Correct
  • That private funding have sped up the sharing of research results between different institutes
Admission bias is
  • When not every subject is given the equal opportunity to be included in the study
  • When the sample of the population being observed died
  • When a subject is falsely classified as something else
  • When the population studied does not reflect the general population Correct
Alteration in the DNA coding sequence are referred to as
  • Transcription
  • Translation
  • Mutations Correct
  • Deletion
An action that is important for the sources of innovation and knowledge, especially for small companies.
  • Formulating laws that will provide protection for those who can't afford nanotechnology
  • Asking the government for support to fund small scale industry to afford nanotechnology
  • Taking actions in cutting the access of big companies in nanotechnology
  • Collaborating with research community especially those coming from universities and other scientists Correct
Are biodegradable polymers, with the polymer-insulin matrix enclosed by the nanoporous membrane containing grafted glucose oxidase?
  • Polymeric nanoparticles Correct
  • Implantable sensors
  • Microphysiometer
  • Insoluble glycerols
As we design systems on a nanoscale we develop which of the following
  • Create new cells
  • Develop new materials or redesign it Correct
  • Modify existing objects
  • Improve mental health
B.I.O.'s educational and awareness-raising programs are directed at which of the following?
  • Restoring the stability of our human and natural environments Correct
  • Build a community with that is only relying on clean energy
  • Promoting the restoration of the environment by shutting down industries not following rules and regulations
  • Work with United nations to provide a healthy future
Bayh-Dole act which is passed in 1980, is the
  • Law passed that protects the environment from harmful activities of private corporations
  • law which states that the government has no right to own any research conducted by the university researchers when it is privately funded
  • Act granting universities and their professors automatic rights to own and commercialize federally funded research Correct
  • The role of the government to address the issue between the environment and different industries
Buckyball is a hollow ball made from what element
  • Nitrogen
  • Oxygen
  • Carbon Correct
  • Helium
Cell that can only become one specialized cell type such as skin stem cells or muscle stem cells.
  • Pluripotent stem cells
  • Multipotent Stem cells
  • Totipotent Stem Cells
  • Unipotent Stem cells Correct
Eric Drexler has identified four challenges in dealing with the development, impact, and effects of nanotechnology on society. Which of the following is not part of it?
  • The Challenge of Technological Degradation Correct
  • The Challenge of Formulating Public Policy
  • The Challenge of Technological Development
  • The Challenge of Technological Foresight
Having only research with positive result and not accepting of those with negative results would be a form of what bias?
  • Publication Bias Correct
  • Bias in Data analysis
  • Bias in Data Interpretation
  • Bias in Data Collection
Health systems need a comprehensive approach to data security that includes all aspects of their operations to be able to prevent which of the following?
  • Protect the records from the patient itself
  • Medical doctors to access the data
  • Political parties to use data against opposing parties
  • Cyber-attacks which may harm the confidentiality of health records Correct
If there are uncertainties about the risks involve or not enough information or uncertainty about the degree of exposure, what should the action be?
  • Report the incident to the health department to be able to minimize damages
  • Find more information or conduct a more detailed assessment Correct
  • Maintain control procedures and minimize chances of higher exposure occurring
  • Shut down the project
If there is an inadequate control procedure reported it is required to:
  • Innovation of processes involved
  • Applying medical assistance to the one affected
  • Review and regulation of the assessment Correct
  • Develop new materials and ignore the case
In 2000, all 189 member state of the United Nations adopted what to set goals for achieving specific targets by certain dates.
  • Biopolitical agreement
  • Biopolicy
  • Millennium declaration Correct
  • Environmental Law Declaration
In a small workplace who should be the one to assess the work and the environment in the workplace?
  • Project Manager Correct
  • Assistant Manager
  • Assessment team
  • Managing Director
In orally taken insulin what coating is used to be able to protect the insulin from gastric juices
  • Mucosal membrane
  • Casein coating Correct
  • Nucleic acid
  • Glucose oxidase
In the experiment where a different group of people were told to copy 40 memorable factoids where some of them were told that their work will be saved in a computer and some were told that there work will not be saved, which of the following was a conclusion they derived from the experiment.
  • The group that was told that their work will be saved is much worse at remembering compared to the group of people who are told that their work will not be saved Correct
  • The group that was told that their work will not be saved had a hard time remembering what they have worked on
  • The group that was told that their work will be saved had remember their work with the same rate as those who are told that their work will not be saved
  • The group that was told that the work will be saved where very good at remembering the facts given
In the process of mimicking photosynthesis what is the use of nanowires?
  • They prevent bacterial growth by continuously degrading and exposing other organisms(bacteria)to its particle
  • They are used to support the whole system above the ground
  • They used to capture light Correct
  • They function as the one who holds bacteria
In the statement'Imitatio Dei is morally positive' what is the meaning of the italicized word?
  • Imitate thee
  • Imitation of Mortals
  • Imitation of God Correct
  • Imitate Death
Industrial science deals with which of the following?
  • How the technology that arises from science is applied in industries Correct
  • How knowledge changed the role of manpower in the industry
  • How several industries improved science
  • How the change of technology changed different industries
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